egg donation; It can be described as egg donation by another woman so that a woman who has not lost her fertility can start a successful pregnancy process. The possibility of pregnancy in some expectant mothers disappears depending on health problems, age and genetic factors. Successful pregnancy cannot occur in some expectant mothers, especially due to genetic conditions. However, in these cases, it is possible to have a baby thanks to egg donation.
This process is carried out within a certain period of time, such as in vitro fertilization treatment. In this process, an egg is taken from another woman and the egg is transferred to the expectant mother. Then, if the treatment process is successful, the expectant mother can have a successful pregnancy.
People who agree to donate eggs for treatment are called donors. Mothers who have not had a successful pregnancy in IVF treatment can have children thanks to egg donation treatment. The choice of donor who will accept to give eggs is very important. During this process, all precautions are taken by our health center and donations are made.
Egg donation is among the most advanced treatments. Successful pregnancy can be started with this method in women who do not have egg development and cannot have children due to genetic reasons.
Who is egg donation suitable for?
Egg donation is a type of treatment preferred by couples who cannot get positive results with in vitro fertilization treatment and other methods. Egg donation is an important treatment option for people who are unsuccessful in all available baby-bearing procedures and who cannot achieve successful pregnancy for a long time.
The most important advantage of this method is that it does not have the feeling of adoption in the parents for the child. If there is a fertility feature even in people whose ovaries are removed due to cancer treatment or strong drug treatments, there is a possibility of starting and having a successful pregnancy with this method.
Egg donation can be applied in the following cases;
women entering menopause
Expectant mothers whose egg production has stopped
Those with a transient genetic disease
Those who have undergone ovarian removal operations at a young age
Those who have an early menopause despite having a uterus
Women born with genetically dysfunctional ovaries
Those who do not respond adequately to egg-enhancing drugs
Those who do not want to pass certain genetic diseases on to their children
Women who have a uterus but do not produce eggs
Those who have miscarried before due to chromosomal anomaly
Those who have undergone ovarian removal surgery for cancer
People with low egg quality and reserve may apply for IVF treatment.
How is egg donation done?
For egg donation, the mother-to-be and the donor may know each other, or this process can be performed without knowing each other. Usually, this process takes place between people who do not know each other. In IVF treatment, a procedure that will trigger egg development is applied to the expectant mother for egg collection.
In egg donation procedures, a treatment that will ensure egg development is applied to the person who will give the egg. No treatment is applied to the expectant mother for egg development. For the expectant mother, the uterine lining is prepared for the pregnancy process. The treatment of the egg donor and the egg recipient is carried out simultaneously.
Sperm is taken from the wife of the recipient woman and the egg is fertilized with the sperms taken. Fresh embryos can be used fresh immediately, but they can also be frozen and used later. When fresh embryos are used, the sperms of the father-to-be are taken and microinjected at the same time as the egg collection. The next process is the same as in IVF treatment. In this process, the embryo is transferred to the uterus of the expectant mother in 3-5 days. Then it is waited for 2 weeks to check whether the pregnancy is successful or not.
During egg donation, the mother and the donor will not see each other in any way. When performed by a successful doctor, the success rate of starting a successful pregnancy with this method will be very high.
Is gender determined in egg donation?
Couples who apply for IVF treatment with egg donation can choose the sex of the baby. Biopsy is performed before embryo transfer during egg donation. In this process, gender can be determined by PGT method. In addition, a chromosomal genetic screening can also be performed on the baby.
After the embryo development of the gender determined by the couple in treatment as the recipient, the gender can be determined during pregnancy after transfer to the uterus of the expectant mother on the fifth day. The success rate can be increased by performing combined procedures during gender determination. Some couples do not want support for sex determination in egg donation treatment and they want to be surprised about it.
What is the egg donation success rate?
Egg donation has become a highly preferred treatment method in many parts of the world in recent years. The success rate of egg donation is as high as the success rate of IVF treatment. Egg transplantation success rate is very high in donation procedures. The start of the pregnancy process after the transplant depends on the success of IVF treatment.
In egg donation, egg transfer and embryo transfer to the uterus are usually successful. However, it does not mean that the pregnancy will be certain. The pregnancy process is determined according to the variables in the in vitro fertilization method.
Donor selection in egg donation
In egg donor selection, criteria that will increase the success rate are generally considered. First of all, the fact that women between the ages of 21-35 have a higher tendency to respond to fertility drugs, high quality eggs and high egg reserve reveal the age factor in donor selection.
Before donors are selected, they undergo a detailed health screening. In this process, diseases such as hepatitis B, HIV should not be. Also, people who are likely to be exposed to other infections are not selected as donors. Donor candidates who have been successful in egg donation before are primarily preferred. In addition, legal practices in the country are also an important consideration in the election.
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